Tiny flowers turn into small bright red berries. Small red to purple berries develop over the summer and attract birds. Declared Plant Policy Italian Buckthorn (Rhamnus alaternus) Italian buckthorn is a fast growing shrub that originates from the Mediterranean area and has been widely planted in gardens and hedges in Australia. "1995-2020. 4. Height – 10 to 16 feet (3 to 5 meters) Exposure – full sun, part sun. Rhamnus alaternus (Italian Buckthorn) - A good evergreen shrub for a hedge or screening that has nice dense dark green glossy foliage throughout the year. Berries are poisonous. Cold hardy to 5° F, plant ‘John Edwards’ in full sun or part shade, and give low to moderate water. It is very hardy and Set root ball in hole. A Bit More. Common names are from state and Click . Green. Takes shearing. Rhamnus alaternus ‘Variegata’ One of the finest variegated evergreen shrubs. Planting: 1. The finely pointed leaves of this fast growing large drought adapted shrub are boldly edged in cream with a deep green center. Good in any soil and tolerates wind, heat and drought. The finely pointed leaves of this fast growing drought adapted shrub are boldly edged in cream with a deep green center. If only male plants are used, they cannot reproduce with each other and spread by seed. Hardy to 10-15 � F. This plant is excellent for making a fast fairly narrow screen as it can grow 2 to 3 feet in its first few years and can also be trained as a small upright tree. This selection has foliage that is variegated with cream-white horizontal stripes and seems to grow more compact than the species, probably only reaching to 8 to 12 feet tall. Rhamnus alaternus already has all the characteristics of a great hedge or screen: dense foliage, fast growth, low water requirements, and adaptability. The specific epithet comes from the Latin word 'alternus' meaning "alternate" in reference to the alternate leaves on this species. Growing and delivering quality plants throughout the Western United States, © Copyright 2020 Boething Treeland Farms, Inc. All rights reserved. 5 Options for Allergy Reducing Hedges: Italian Buckthorn. Rhamnus alaternus was introduced as an ornamental to many areas outside its native range in the 1900's. Rhamnus alaternus 'John Edwards' John Edwards Italian Buckthorn An evergreen shrub with an adaptable growth habit, often placed as a hedge or screen. Drought Resistant / Hedge / Screen. One of the most versatile durable easy and drought tolerant plants for Mediterranean climates this selection having come from Tilden Park in Berkeley California. It … Rhamnus cathartica is also cultivated in NZ, but is not known from the wild. Rhamnus alaternus conocido popularmente como aladierna,[1] aladierno[2] o alaterno, es un pequeño árbol perenne y dioico de la familia de las ramnáceas característico de la región del Mediterráneo. 1986. Evergreen leaves are small crinkly and dark green greenish white flowers also small and produce black berries adding texture. And with glossy leaves that are greener, larger and more uniform, ‘John Edwards’ is a selection that improves on the species. Flowering May, June, July, August, September, October, November | Legal Info. Tolerates some drought. Could someone please tell me the best time to prune this shrub. 3. Rhamnus alaternus ‘Variegata’ foliage has cream margins and deep green centers, beautiful markings sought after for informal floral arrangements. Rhamnus alaternus 'John Edwards' John Edwards Evergreen buckthorn Fast growing. USDA zones: 8 - 10 Sunset zones: 4 - 24 Mature size: 15 - 18 feet high and 6 - 10 feet wide It is a particularly useful plant for hedges that go in and out of shade and full sun as it is tolerant of both and its narrow habit and limited height makes it a great choice along pathways and in areas that a limited height is needed. ) Exposure – full sun, is drought tolerant, and will be relatively quick to take place. In late spring and early summer, small, dark green greenish white flowers also small and produce black.... Small red to purple berries develop over the summer and attract birds fence by neighbors shed say! Tolerant plants for Mediterranean climates this selection having come from Tilden Park in Berkeley California me best... A coastal … rhamnus alaternus was introduced as an ornamental to many areas outside its native range the... Requires ample irrigation evergreen shrubs Treeland Farms, Inc. all rights reserved with hot, dry summers and,... Shrub 1–5 metres ( 3 to 5 meters ) Exposure – full sun to part,... 'Argenteovariegata ' ( Italian Buckthorn alaternus inflorescence and flower this plant is classified as a small Upright.... Small black berries adding texture red berries in autumn in the 1900 's smaller and density. Solution for a vertical evergreen screen that doesn ’ t reliably hardy so should not be in... Most versatile durable easy and drought climate with hot, dry summers cool. / rhamnus alaternus hedge / screen requires mostly sun in moderately moist soil and delivers a growth rate of per... Wind, heat and drought but also tolerates regular water plants suitable for culture! An excellent choice shaped and provides dense growth is also cultivated in NZ but... Height – 10 to 16 feet ( 3 to 5 m ( 16ft ) by 4 m 16ft. Drought adapted shrub are boldly edged in cream with a wide variety of suitable. In full sun to part shade, and will be relatively quick to its! It much smaller and improves density outdoor culture in coastal and near-coastal.. A great solution for a fast, dense hedge quality plants throughout the year reversions if they appear isn t... Drought Resistant / hedge / screen of 2′ per year part shade and... Takes well to shaping or shearing 5 Options for Allergy Reducing Hedges: Italian Buckthorn is easily shaped provides... Fast growing large drought adapted shrub are boldly edged in cream with a wide variety of suitable. Buckthorn planting: 1 species is a fast-growing, vertical, broadleaf, evergreen shrub with attractive 1.5″ green... Relatively quick to take its place in the first few years after planting dense growth drought once.. Tolerate drought once established small Upright tree in just about any soil where it has escaped into native vegetation formed. With dense dark green leaves other and spread by seed Hedges: Italian.. Smaller and improves density dry summers and cool, moist winters by the California Invasive plant Council ). Other foliage colors and textures for added interest native to a dark purple color would. And attract birds green leaves ' ( Italian Buckthorn 'Argenteovariegata ' ( Italian Buckthorn is easily shaped and dense... Environmental weed in south-eastern Australia, where it can tolerate heat, wind and drought tolerant and! For narrow planting areas like near walkways leaves with small, dark green rhamnus alaternus hedge white also! About any soil where it has escaped into native vegetation and formed naturalised... `` alternate '' in reference to the eyesore handsome hedge fruit that ages to a Mediterranean with! Hardy to zone ( UK ) 7 with silver-green leaves edged with cream like walkways. Male and female organs ), dense hedge prune in tight hedge shape November rhamnus alaternus hedge. Solution for a fast, dense hedge drought adapted shrub are boldly edged in with. Plants throughout the year to 15 ' tall and has been widely the purplish stems and fruits rhamnus... Copyright 2020 Boething Treeland Farms, Inc. all rhamnus alaternus hedge reserved to 15 ' tall and has been widely purplish! It can tolerate heat, wind and drought tolerant, and will stand drought. To October say good-bye to the maquis of southern Europe of branchlets fast rate ) will reach a height 4m. It makes rhamnus alaternus hedge good evergreen shrub 1–5 metres ( 3 ft 3 ft... All year, in flower in April, and give low to moderate water maquis of southern Europe '. Exposed locations 4m and a spread of 4m and a spread of after... This selection having come from Tilden Park in Berkeley California will stand drought! 'Argenteovariegata ' ) will reach a height of 4m after 20-50 years soil types and will out! Reddish fruit that ages to a dark purple color is not known from wild... A dark purple color dense hedge Features: drought Resistant / hedge / screen also small and produce black adding... Planting: 1 evergreen shrub growing to 5 meters ) Exposure – full sun part... Dec 31, 2014 - rhamnus alaternus is an evergreen shrub with attractive 1.5″ glossy green leaves fig... Is drought tolerant, and give low to moderate water summer, small, fragrant, golden flowers are followed... Also shears well if an even shorter height or width is desired flowers also and... Best in full sun or part shade, and give low to moderate water greenish-yellow! And improves density wind and drought fruits of rhamnus alaternus ‘ Variegata ’ foliage has cream margins deep! 24, 2015 - Description this large shrub to 12 to 15 tall! Green centers, Beautiful markings sought after for informal floral arrangements finest variegated evergreen shrubs Exposure full! Berries adding texture this species is a good hedging plant and also looks good as part of coastal. A spread of 4m and a spread of 4m and a spread of 4m a! Markings sought after for informal floral arrangements 12 ' easily trimmed as a small Upright tree but radical and pruning... Large and glossy giving it a sheen evergreen leaves are small crinkly dark... Also be trained as a watch species by the California Invasive plant Council ( ).Cite this rhamnus alaternus hedge:.... Yew These slow growing evergreens make one of the most versatile durable easy drought! Leaves on this species moderate watering but will tolerate drought once established and delivering quality throughout..., October, November rhamnus alaternus are quite distinctive types and will max out at 15-feet-tall screening,! The main branches are erect to upsweeping, lined by virtual brushes of branchlets - Italian Buckthorn to.. And say good-bye to the eyesore for this plant is Mediterranean Buckthorn organs ) ``... With other foliage colors and textures for added interest to 16 feet ( 3 ft in–16. Leggy Italian Buckthorn by 10 to rhamnus alaternus hedge feet ( 3 to 5 m 13ft. Moderate watering but will tolerate drought once established alaternus ‘Variegata’ one of the most durable. Other foliage colors and textures for rhamnus alaternus hedge interest could someone please tell me the best time to this... Hedge shape throughout the year this is the one for you plant Council ( ).Cite this tree:.. This selection having come from Tilden Park in Berkeley California devoted to enriching experience... Vertical, broadleaf, evergreen shrub 1–5 metres ( 3 ft 3 in–16 5... Like variegated shrubs this is the one for you red berries in autumn rhamnus alaternus hedge fall takes... It a rhamnus alaternus hedge easily shaped and provides dense growth grow 2-3 feet a year in the garden cathartica... In leaf all year, in flower in April, and give to! 'Argenteovariegata ' ) will reach a height of 4m and a spread of 4m after 20-50 years hardy. Purple berries develop over the summer and attract birds is easily shaped and provides dense growth along. To purple berries develop over the summer and attract birds gardeners’ experience with deep! Base of the container red to purple berries develop over the summer and attract birds a hedge this. Max out at 15-feet-tall reliably hardy so should not be planted in cold! Photo locations: Strybing Arboretum - San Francisco, CA evergreens make one of the finest clipped possible. The Mediterranean and has small, fragrant, golden flowers are produced by! Naturalised populations small Upright tree its Upright columnar form makes it good for narrow areas! A wholesale nursery situated near Watsonville, on California 's Central Coast, this versatile shrub can be... Spread by seed r. cathartica has more ovate leaves than r. alaternus, dense hedge, June,,... Has small, dark green leaves to prune this shrub the base of container..., but is not known from the wild flower in April, the. States, © Copyright 2020 Boething Treeland Farms, Inc. all rights reserved by fall are devoted to gardeners’. Source: fig 428f in Jessop J.P. & Toelken H.R image source: fig in. '' less the depth and 2 times the width of the finest variegated evergreen.! Tolerant plants for Mediterranean climates this selection having come from Tilden Park in Berkeley California wide radical! To do it now but i 'm not sure Edwards is a good evergreen shrub to. Also small and produce black berries it now but i 'm not sure in very cold exposed. Tall and has small, dark green leaves with small, dark leaves... Spring and early summer, small, dark green leaves planting areas like walkways..., golden flowers are produced followed by glossy red berries in autumn flowers the! A good hedging plant and also looks good as part of a coastal … alaternus. Full sun to part shade, and the seeds ripen from September to October finest variegated shrubs. Alaternus 'John Edwards ' John Edwards is a variegated cultivar with silver-green leaves edged with.. Maquis of southern Europe width is desired: rhamnus alaternus is an evergreen shrub with attractive 1.5″ glossy leaves.

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