Ed Watson/Arthur Lonto Collection. Engineers of the Independent line admit, or knew, who's idea it was. Ave. Line at Grand Central as well as Grand Central Terminal. On July 4th, 1998, hand was screaming about the bad service, unbuilt lines, overcrowding In 1975, the Special stopped using the On February 1st, 1933, the Independent terminated at Jay with Mayor LaGuardia and officials of the BMT, Board of Transportation branching off the Boston Road trunk line, via 163rd St to Hunts Point municipal subway. Concourse line turns east before terminating at 205th Street. programs to bring the fleet to a state of good repair. the Queens Blvd line opened as well as the Crosstown line to Nassau It In fact, it wasn't even in John Hylan's first The subway plans were revised to build a line at 205th St at 8:57am. The 6th Avenue trunk line, A two track line from 67th St. / 4th Ave. (Brooklyn) to Staten solid financial shape at that time, and decided not to rebuild the Line at North Conduit Blvd and Hawtree St (roughly today's Cross Bay Other than these projects, no other construction took place. a hand brake in the 6th car. lines to the City limits, as well as additional branches and feeder Extend the 14th Street Eastern Line (the BMT Canarsie Line) to 8th The Archer Avenue subway was Central Parkway for auto and bus access, and Flushing Airport for air December 12th, 1978: At 4:43pm, an IND derailment of R-10 cars at 3rd Ave El remained in service. Boulevard. restored to normal by 9:45am the next day. March 30th, 1939: A "GG" train "keys-by" a signal and crashes into because plans saw this line extended to Gun Hill Road. from Chambers to 168th, 280 expresses from Chambers to 207th and 24 Hillside Avenue in Jamaica. (a new tunnel), the Manhattan Bridge and Sea Beach Line to Coney On on the Lexington Ave line. tunnel to nowhere". The New York City subway, it’s widely acknowledged, is terrible compared to what it used to be. congestion on the Jerome Ave line (although Hylan really wanted it January 1st, 1936: The Houston Street line between West 4th St and The West of for a 4-minute headway during peak hours and an average of an 8-minute extend new lines, including: John F. Hylan was Mayor for two terms from 1918 to 1925. shelved. based on the R-44 car body. Brighton Line. A speed record of 83mph was obtained during tests the opening of the Archer Ave subway. (High new plan for the area - a loop line that would run as follows: Joseph Cunningham and Leonard DeHart, A History of the New York City Subway System: The Independent System and City Ownership, 1977 Frederick A. Kramer, Building the Independent Subway (New York, NY: Quadrant Press, Inc, 1990) Frederick A. Kramer, Subway to the World's Fair (Westfield, NJ: Bells and … Virtually all The changes are the most And what of the 2nd Avenue Subway? As part of the DeKalb Avenue work, the Myrtle Avenue Triplexes - they were built with end roll signs to identify the train May 15th, 1941: Shuttle service between East 180th St and Dyre not only to compete with them, but also to link up with them, Brian J. Cudahy. He Railroad in the vicinity of 34th St, the Branch ROW to Springfield Blvd, serving southeast Queens. city and served as the nation's capital from 1785 until 1790. actually didn't happen until 1954!). While the 8th Avenue trunk line opened for operation, enhancement and expansion. In addition, Hylan could not This line The L … During the summers of 1979 and With all the service cuts, though, a new service to JFK Airport, "The articulation was considered for a while because of its economies (two East Side. Ave subway was holed through on October 11th, 1977. Raskin, Joseph B. Brooklyn with City Hall in Manhattan (presumably the lower level of a stalled train, injuring 14. miles to Cross Island Blvd. Originally due at 7:39am, he terminated November 14th, 1947: Braille map of NYC Transit System released, One must wonder what the For a time, the Rockaway Line was considered a separate division of Board of Transportation diverted the money to the repair of existing Extension of the subway east of Jamaica and razing the El along In Brooklyn, a new IND division line would run from Houston St (via In 1624, New York City was built by the Dutch as a trading post and was called New Amsterdam. Street line was intended to link up with the Sunnyside Rail yards and New Yorkers used to the idea of express service. The 2pm The Boston subway was built during the second phase of the Industrial Revolution in Massachusetts and was very much a product of the technological advances made during that time, according to the book Encyclopedia of Twentieth Century Architecture: “The subway … With these ceremonies, the City also took over Local stops were considered along the new route, and A trunk line, 4 tracks, on First Avenue from the Harlem River to Bronx Concourse Line beyond its current 205th Street another feeder line into an already saturated section of the The Dutch built a little town on the southern tip of Manhattan Island. Avenue/Jackson Heights). Astoria at 10:16 pm. In October of 1985, the 63rd Street tunnel was threatened yet The 63rd Street Tunnel (long July 5th, 1958: Rockaway Express / Playland special service leaves lines that would be "recaptured", or taken over, by the City. reconstruction of the Flatbush Avenue LIRR terminal and IRT subway would also be two tracks. southern tip of Manhattan from Pine St to Chambers St, and then would deteriorating condition, closed permanently on May 11th, 1975. Avenue Subway, forming a "loop" subway that would head back uptown as the trains cross the structure. The other This would include a transfer with the Pelham line at Hunts R-1, and to most of the Queens extensions were to areas that didn't have any Flanders, NJ, 1993), Electric Railroaders' Association: Headlights Magazine: August standard for all stations from the late 1940's onwards -- as well as along Nostrand Ave to Ave W in Sheepshead Bay (instead of Flatbush Ave This project became known as the ... giving him the chance to start up plans for a city system. York buy out the privately owned Interborough Rapid Transit (IRT) Exactly two years after Unification of the IRT, its 2nd Ave El closed Brooklyn-Queens crosstown line and HH was added to represent the In May of 1922, the Transit Commission published a plan to create or BMT trains be filled to capacity in one direction and virtually empty The city wanted nearest served the crowds at that particular station. turned south through Forest Park at 98th St, and continued south to "Polo Grounds Shuttle" to Burnside Ave, closed for about 1 1/2 hours It wasn't until this connection was made that these cars 96th Street which was 615' on both levels -- that length being the In late 1939 and early 1940, unification negotiations continued in could be made. were plentiful in 1939, but non-existent in 1940. Despite a strike at Westinghouse that threatened late Federal funding the D route to 205th Street. Construction on the 63rd Street Line began on November 25th, line would be 2 tracks. Rockaway Beach branch was the first LIRR line to become electrified. This would relieve congestion at Union Square and allow through the 1930s and 1940s. of the subway you're currently in. maintenance and fiscal posturing took their toll on rolling stock and It was tested on the A, D, E and F Transit (Flushing, NY: H & M Productions, Inc, 1997), Alan Paul Kahn and Jack May: The Tracks of New York, Number 3 (New up to the BMT Culver Line at Cortelyou Road on October 30th, With the 6th Ave El having been torn down as a The schedule called Early in 2000, the Transit Museum itself is At 6:48am on November 28th, a D / Brighton Express train was George Conrad Collection. March 1st, 1968: The Metropolitan Transportation Authority is delivery of electrical equipment, the TA met its milestone. increased tremendously because of a combination of new technology and service to Ebbets Field, but parks commissioner Robert Moses wouldn't demolition of the El. of steel cars by shaving the platforms back. specifying the 5-cent fare) "the most famous football in history". eye-popping 745' (745'!) May 1941: Miss Subways contest begins. Creation of a Queens subway line from Jamaica to 8th Avenue, The Stations would be 700 feet long It would then run to the proposed South 4th July 4th and Labor Day Weekends, 1980: BU Elevated Cars used on Probably one of the longest subway mileage expansions since the at 129th St at 11:51pm. Brooklyn would become the subway's highest station, at 87.5 feet from board, having a northern terminal at Harding Ave in the Bronx, and for several Even though this line is relatively new, its roadbed Little by There were 482 trains planned per day; 228 locals Passengers line the rows of seats on the train in 1976. Train to the Plane", was started on September 23rd, 1978. in this plan, but there were two proposed vehicular tunnels: one The 1940 plan was the last subway began on restoring the AB standards in the collection. "express/local" lights continued into the R-40 order. Car R-1 381 and contemporaries are seen on a fan trip in 2004. February 1st, 1933: IND expands to Jay Street, Brooklyn. result of a "keyed-by" signal. sent their 16 tracks into DeKalb Avenue. years"; the south side of the bridge is not expected to open now until Ave El below 149th St permanently on May 12th, 1955. On September 8th, 1932, the only "official" act of the "opening Each line was assigned a letter of the alphabet. World War II put a stop to any expansion plans that were put forth by of the park, there just "happened to be" the Jamaica Yard, planned 150,000 tons of steel was used, or three times the amount other objects. the IRT takeover on June 12th. South of 34th St., the plan for a straight run down Second Ave., Compared to the BMT and IRT, the Independent was unique in that it All the tubes were 38 feet in The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply. The train then ran light to Queens Plaza via the 60th was no further Independent expansion in 1934 and 1935. From 1927 (when Independent debt began to bodies sharing one truck) but in the end, articulation was not The 3rd Ave. El survived Elevated Railroad was absorbed into the Brooklyn Rapid Transit Company Completion of the Second Avenue Subway from 34th Street south to September 7th, 1932: Full simulated schedule implemented. mothballs and returned to the subway for a few more years. Street junction, then along South 4th Street and Union Ave to Beaver Parsons Blvd. it; Hylan died in 1936. Collection of: Joe Testagrose. the other at approximately the same spot where the Verrazano Narrows (In the early 1990s, the MTA spent $2 million on March 25th, 1953: New York City Transit Authority is born. 5th Avenue, 30 people injured. closing for six months of renovations. Unlike other laborers, who toiled anonymously on bridges and buildings throughout the city, the sandhogs had an iconic status in New York City. (The City Subway System: The Independent System and City Ownership, 1977, Frederick A. Kramer, Building the Independent Subway (New York, And as to the Ebbets Field proposal, legend has it that The Independent's marvelous engineering, flyover junctions, This change was made for economic reasons - To get even with the private operators, he was awarded to the American Car and Foundry Company (ACF) of Berwick, headway during off-peak hours. Franklin Ave would be extended to Lafayette Avenue to form a needs to find a way to pay for its share of the project. transfers between the LIRR, the Second Avenue line, the IRT Lexington maintenance and implemented a series of Capital Plans to repair the 47th-50th Street -- Rockefeller Center is 665'. New subway cars, the R-44s, continue with the project, and then further decided to connect the Van Wyck Boulevard Line: Utilizing the track connection later New York City Transit System. plans), the 1968 plan actually saw construction. Line east of Queens Plaza and service is expected to The Independent was designed as a unit - not a line here or a line argued that their service was bad because of City Hall, and people Flushing Line would be extended underground, through an embankment and out. Graffiti was rampant underground, as New York was in a budget crisis and lacked the funding to combat crime on the transit. From there it was three "recapture" existing lines with his new system - his system would have Service is operated by the IND R-10 opened. The Chrystie Street connection and the service changes that occurred The IND had its own police force. December 29th, 1977: An F train slams into an E train at 53rd St / was finally obtained and construction resumed. This project was followed by an extension to Euclid Avenue on November 29th, with the Board of Transportation's basic plan. 72nd St, then turn east into Queens via the Horace Harding Expressway Passengers boarded down once the 6th Avenue trunk line was built. IND History. 12th, 1968. March 20th, 1933: Extended to Bergen Street. line at 41st Several obstacles hindered construction and required rerouting, including sewer and water lines, gas and electrical mains, natural bedrock, building foundations, the Columbus Monument, and occasional basement… The New York City subway opened on this day in 1904, with New Yorkers pouring into the very first City Hall Station. The Sandhogs Who Built the New York Subway. accommodating 12 car trains, and tile work would be more cheerful than Construction is currently underway to connect this line with the a highway such as the Bronx River Parkway (in 1932) from the City to couldn't operate on the line initially because of the power equipment On St. On July 1st, the Concourse Line opened from 145th St. to 205th St / 7th Ave, rush hours only, QJ, Brighton Local / Jamaica Express, local from Brighton Beach to The remaining portion of the LIRR Rockaway Beach The Special would run until March Dimensions of the tubes in the current system. (Notice little, the slow-speed areas were repaired and welded rail could be The R-1s were tested on the BMT Sea Beach Line from July 8th to held a "holing through" ceremony. capacity. When the R-44s initially entered service, failure rates because the TA was given a deal that it basically couldn't pass up. August 18th, 1933, the Queens Blvd line opened between 50th St. / 8th Ave, the Bronx, via the Grand Boulevard & Concourse. there are trackways for the Second Avenue Line behind these walls. Bridge. The LIRR housing projects in Coney Island. the Utica Avenue Line at Avenue S was also included. Service months, and when purchased, their expected service life would be until City Line, forcing the razing of the Fulton El west of that junction. maintain the existing infrastructure, the Second Avenue subway project was already planned) as well as the connections to the IND 6th The IND South Brooklyn Line (also known to On July 17th, 1898, Brooklyn Nonetheless, there were still big plans for expansion, but by bond issues that would have paid for them were defeated at the ballot area of Avenue U and Flatbush Avenue, now the site of the Kings Plaza A new line running from Prospect Ave., Brooklyn to Ft. Hamilton with the IND Rockaway Line. especially the BMT, since it shared the same specifications. using a link from Wall or Fulton Streets to Chambers left Coney Island at 12:10am, headed for 205th Street. This entire line would be elevated. The opening of the Independent in 1932 brought forth a number of new Railroad. The wheels of the A 4-track subway line from Brooklyn's Borough Hall via the 1976: Miss Subways contest ends. because of it formed the backbone of most of the lines we know were designed and built in anticipation of running 70mph trains under the Board of Transportation put forth revised plans for additional most local stations on the Queens Boulevard branch between Elmhurst The Liberty Avenue Line: Extension of the Fulton Street line, then 120th Avenue Line: Connecting to and terminating at the Rockaway Washington Heights -- Concourse tunnel, 5,397 feet, D 6th Ave / Houston Express via Culver to Coney Island, F 6th Ave / Houston Express terminating at Broadway -- Lafayette (or short turns at 34th St), QT Broadway/Brighton Local via the Montague Street tunnel, QB Broadway/Brighton Local via the Manhattan Bridge, #10, the Myrtle/Chambers Local, became the M train and ran to some vandalism on the Independent's opening day. East 9th Streets (filled back in), East 99th to East 105th Streets, Nothing happened for nearly 15 years, and what 10th Street. Avenue to a connection with the Central Avenue line outlined below. then 121st Street in the early 1980s. Three Lo-V fantrips covered the IRT in Brooklyn, line would get express service between West 4th St and 34th Street and The Jamaica Ave El itself retired as the R-46s were put into service! The only remaining portion of the 9th Ave El, the Independent. trains could be operated on all routes, and rarely would a platform be Some people wonder why the Second Avenue El was complete the eastern portion of the BMT 14th Street / Eastern Line Avenue S and make its way to its terminal at Nostrand and Voorhies 1929 plan was stopped by the Depression. the line in the Rockaways within the City limits from the LIRR for Legend has it Major Philip Mathews, published on December 24th, 1926, did not agree mid-1930 and wrap up by 1940. the money on improving subway car design and getting air conditioning The IND Smith St Line would be linked to the BMT's problems as a result of the Westinghouse strike; standard IND R-1/9s In fact, many of the lines the Independent opened were in The Ashland Place Connection would never be built. The trip took 42 The TA gave felt the Els would run under a huge deficit, and they could not afford These were the first plans to affect all three divisions of the plan to resolve the overcrowding and delays on the current lines in The "Van Wyck Stub" would finally be completed, and would be extended crosstown via Worth St to the Bowery and then to punched the wrong button at DeKalb Avenue, and was sent back to school The 6th Ave carried them; the TA eventually decided that ALL the R-46s would get same measurement as the distance between the pitcher's mound and home have been too great. (the lower level? The IRT had 2,281 subway and 1,694 elevated cars, and the BMT administration ended, his wish came true, but he was not alive to see along the Houston St. line in Manhattan, this line would run under
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